Report on Pahela Baishakh Celebration for HSC

Writing a report on the Pahela Baishakh Celebration is one of the important newspaper reports for the students of the HSC examination. So, the HSC examinees should know how to write a report on the Pahela Baishakh celebration. To be good at report writing there is no shortcut except extensive writing practice.

Report on Pahela Baishakh Celebration

Staff reporter, The Daily Dhaka

Last update on: April 14, 2024, 11.00 PM

The first day of Bangla New Year which is popularly known as Pahela Baishakh is being celebrated everywhere in the country in a spontaneous festive way.

People said goodbye to the old Bangla year and welcomed the new Bangla year 1431 in a befitting manner and through various programs with enthusiasm.

Thousands of people wearing traditional Bangladeshi dress came out of their homes and joined different programs to celebrate “Bangla Nobo Borsho” across the country. Men wore white Punjabi and women wore red and white Sharee. The women also adorn themselves with churi and flowers. A significant number of children are seen with their parents at various venues. Everyone was enjoying the first day of Baishakh and was saying “Shuvo Nobo Borsho” to one other.

The first program of Pahela Baishakh started under the famous banyan tree at Ramna Park. Chhayanot a leading cultural organization in Bangladesh organized the program like every year. Renowned musicians of Bangladesh welcomed Pahela Baishakh singing various popular Bangla songs.

One of the attractions of Pahela Baishakh in Dhaka is the traditional Mangal Shobhajatra, a colorful procession to mark the day. Students and teachers of Fine Arts of Dhaka University organized the procession as usual. Thousands of people from all walks of life across the country and even a significant number of foreign people joined the traditional Mangal Shobhajatra to welcome the New Bangla Year.

Mangal Shobhajatra of Bangla New Year in Dhaka was recognized by UNESCO in 2016 as a cultural heritage. This is an intangible cultural heritage of Bangladesh with international recognition.

Government and private television channels broadcast Mangal Shovajatra live. Different district administrations across the country also brought out Mangal Shobhajatra in their respective districts to welcome the new year.

All the television channels and radio stations aired special programs highlighting the noteworthiness of the day. The electronic media broadcast day-long programs including songs, poem recitations, dramas, talk shows, etc. to mark the Pahela Baishakh.

Law enforcement agencies kept vigil everywhere in the country including the capital city to keep the law and order situation normal.

Opening “Halkhata” is an age-old tradition in Bangladesh. Closing old accounts and opening new accounts is known as Halkhata in Bangladesh.  Halkhata is a popular practice among traders and buyers in rural Bangladesh. Through the grand events of Halkhata, the traders invite their customers to close the previous year’s accounts. The customers gladly receive the invitation and join the event. Like every year this year the customers also paid their dues and opened new books of accounts. The traders treated the customers with sweets and curd. Some businessmen presented their customers with Panjabi and towels. This festival acts as one of the driving forces in the economy of rural Bangladesh.

The president and prime minister greet the countrymen every year on the occasion of Pahela Baishakh. Likewise, on the eve of this year’s Pahela Baishakh, yesterday the president and prime minister issued separate messages greeting the people of Bangladesh. They also wished happiness and prosperity for the nation.

Different government and non-government organizations, socio-cultural organizations, Bangla Academy, Bangladesh Shishu Academy, Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, Bangladesh National Museum, Kabi Nazrul Institute, etc. organized seminars, cultural functions, and art competitions to celebrate the day.

Schools, colleges, and universities also arranged different programs to mark the day. Students and teachers became present in their respective educational institutions wearing colorful traditional dresses to take part in special cultural functions, art and essay competitions, etc. organized by the institute’s authority.

All the Bangladeshi missions in different countries celebrated the day with enthusiasm and organized various programs according to the information of the foreign ministry.

On the occasion of Pahela Baishakh, all the museums, Zoos, Shishu Park, and archeological sites remained open the whole day for all. Orphans, special children, people with disabilities, and students got the entrance without a ticket. The rides at the parks were also free for them. Everyone enjoyed the day with much amusement.

Special traditional foods were served to all the residential students of colleges and universities. Traditional delicious foods were also served to orphanages, hospitals, jails, etc. Housewives in cities and villages cooked traditional delicious dishes to entertain their family members on the occasion of the Pahela Baishakh.

Bangladesh is a country of various tasty foods and food lovers. On any occasion, Bangladeshi people cook a variety of delicious food. Similarly, to celebrate the Pahela Baishakh the traditional delicious dishes that Bangalis prepare at home and outside their home are mainly Panta Bhat (soaked rice), hot rice, vegetables, fish fry specially Hilsha fish, different types of Bharta, onion, chili, khichuri, Payesh, sweets. All these are the signature items of foods in Pahels Baishakh.

According to some historians, the journey of the Bangla calendar began in the seventh century during the reign of King Shashanka. Later the Mughal emperor Akbar modified the Bangla calendar to facilitate collection of tax from subjects and farmers. In the Indian subcontinent, the Hijri calendar was prevalent during Mughal rule. So, the Mughal rulers collected taxes on land and crops from the Bangla-speaking people according to the Hijri calendar.

The Hijri calendar was based on the lunar cycle. As a result, it became a problem for the Mughal rulers to collect taxes in conjunction with harvesting in the Bengal delta region. Emperor Akbar requested his royal astrologers to make a new calendar by merging the lunar Arabic calendar and solar Hindu calendar to coincide with the planting and harvesting of crops in the region. This was the famous harvest calendar which is now our Bangla calendar.

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