Paragraph The Liberation War of Bangladesh

Bangladesh won the liberation war through supreme sacrifice, indomitable courage, extraordinary unyielding struggle, and an intense desire for freedom. The people of Bangladesh had to fight a war of liberation against Pakistani soldiers to establish its identity as an independent nation. It was a bloody war. Bangladesh gained its precious freedom in exchange of the blood of the thirty million people. The Liberation War is the most important national incident in Bangladesh. This is why the liberation war of Bangladesh is an important paragraph for the SSC and HSC examinations. So, students should emphasize knowing details about the liberation war of Bangladesh to write a paragraph about the liberation war of Bangladesh.

By reading the paragraph the students will learn the following facts about the Liberation War:

  • In which year the war took place.
  • General Election of 1970.
  • Independence Day of Bangladesh.
  • Reasons behind the war.
  • Atrocities of the Pakistani forces.
  • Valiant struggle of the Freedom Fighters.
  • Victory Day of Bangladesh.

(Paragraph-1): The Liberation War of Bangladesh

The Liberation War of Bangladesh is the most important incident in the history of Bangladesh. Bangladesh became independent in 1971. Before that from 1947 to 1971, Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan. Pakistani rulers always oppressed the people of Bangladesh. As a result, Bangladeshi people were devoid of their proper rights in every sector.

In the job sector, the people of West Pakistan were given preference. So, there was a huge difference in the number of service holders between East and West Pakistan. In the armed forces, most of the soldiers and officers were recruited from the western part of Pakistan. Even in the civil service most of the recruitment took place from West Pakistan without considering the merit of the Bangali people.

By exporting jute, tea, raw leather, fish, etc. from Bangladesh Pakistan earned a huge amount of foreign exchange. However, the rulers of Pakistan did not invest or spend that money on the development of the eastern part of the country. Rather they were spending that money for the development of West Pakistan. Even they wanted to impose Urdu as the state language of Pakistan. Though most of the people were Bangali and their mother tongue was Bangla. The people of Bangladesh raised their voices against all this discrimination and injustice.

In the general election of 1971, Bangladesh Awami League won the election and bagged most of the parliamentary seats to be in the power of Pakistan. But without handing over the power to Awami League and its leader Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the then Pakistani leaders and the military started a conspiracy against the Bangali people. As a result of their conspiracy on 26th March 1971, the Pakistan Military launched a gruesome attack against the freedom-loving innocent Bangali people. Pakistan Army killed thousands of people in a single night.

Without fighting back there was no other way for the Bangali people. The Bangali members of the Pakistan Army, Navy, Air Force, East Pakistan Rifles, and Police revolted and started fierce fighting against the occupying Pakistani forces. Thousands of young people from all walks of life joined the war as Freedom Fighters. As a result, the liberation war of Bangladesh became a war of people.

The Freedom Fighters showed their great heroism on the battlefield. This war is widely known as the Liberation War of Bangladesh. The Liberation War of Bangladesh is a great incident in the history of the world. Because the Freedom Fighters defeated a renowned, well-trained, and well-equipped army only in nine months by showing their bravery and love for the country.

Finding no other way to retreat the Pakistan army surrendered on 16th December 1971. Thus the Liberation War of Bangladesh came to an end and Bangladesh became an independent country.

(Paragraph-2): The Liberation War of Bangladesh

Pakistan and India became independent in 1947 from Britain. The division of the Indian subcontinent took place based on religion. In Pakistan Muslims were the majority and in India Hindus were larger in number.

Pakistan had five provinces or states in that period. Among the five states of Pakistan present Bangladesh which was East Pakistan before the liberation war in 1971, was one. There was a thousand-mile distance between the east and west Pakistan. But because of Muslim majority inhabitants, the Bangla-speaking people of East Bengal decided to be a part of Pakistan.

The independence of Pakistan and India is also known as the partition of the country (Desh Bhag), to the common people. In the history of the world, in 1947 one of the largest migrations took place from India to East and West Pakistan and from both parts of Pakistan to India. Millions of people migrated to a new unknown destination leaving behind their birthplace and paternal property.

The people of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) started dreaming of a beautiful life in a new country Pakistan. But within a short time, their dream was shattered. They started being deprived and exploited economically, politically, in employment, etc. by the West Pakistani rulers.

In 1952, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the governor-general of Pakistan declared in Dhaka that Urdu would be the only state language of Pakistan. The Bangla-speaking people of East Pakistan protested the decision. At that time the mother tongue of the majority of the people of Pakistan was Bangla.

Pakistan’s government decided to make Urdu the only state language. The Bangla-speaking people of East Pakistan protested the decision. At that time the mother tongue of the majority of the people of Pakistan was Bangla. On February 21, 1952, Pakistani police fired on a procession demanding the right place of their mother tongue Bangla. This incident was the beginning of the rift between the East and West Pakistan.

In the general election of 1970, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his party Awami League won a landslide victory bagging 160 seats out of a total of 162 in East Pakistan. The number showcases the absolute majority of Awami League. But the West Pakistani leaders did not accept the election result cordially. As a result, they plotted to stop the voice of the people of East Pakistan.

People from all walks of life continued demonstrations against the trickery of Pakistani rulers of not handing over the power to the elected party. On March 7, 1971, the leader of the winning party Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his historic speech.

On March 25, 1971, at night the Pakistan Army swooped on the innocent sleeping people in Dhaka and elsewhere in the country in the name of Operation Searchlight. They started killing people indiscriminately. Thus, the Pakistani rulers imposed an unjust and unequal war on the Bangladeshi people.

In this situation, the Bangladeshi people had no choice but to fight. The Bengali soldiers of Pakistan’s armed forces, police, and East Pakistan Rifles started fighting in full scale against the Pakistani forces. Students, farmers, workers, and even the women also joined the war. In the face of massive resistance, the Pakistani forces started retreating at various places.

It was the great liberation war of Bangladesh. By defeating the Pakistani forces Bangladesh became victorious in the liberation war and emerged as an independent country in the world. The liberation war ended on December 16 1971 by surrendering the Pakistani forces in Dhaka.

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